Gateway to the Mekong Delta, My Tho which is an important market town is the capital of Tien Giang province – though for the well-known floating markets, tourists will need to go on to Can Tho.
In the 1680s, My Tho was founded by Chinese refugees fleeing Taiwan after the fall of the Southern Ming dynasty. The economy depends on tourism, fishing and the cultivation of rice, coconuts, bananas, mangoes, longans and citrus fruit.
Vinh Trang Pagoda BUDDHIST TEMPLE
(60A Ð Nguyen Trung Truc; 9-11.30am & 1.30-5pm) Giant Buddha statues tower over the great grounds of this quiet temple about 1km east of the city centre, where the monks maintain an ornate sanctuary, decorated with carved and gilded wood. They also provide a home for children with disabilities, orphans and other kids in need; donations are always welcome.
To get here, head north on Le Loi, turn right onto Nguyen Trai and take the bridge across the river. After 400m take a left onto Nguyen Trung Truc. The entrance is around 200m from the turn-off, on the right-hand side of the building as visitors approach it from the ornate gate.
My Tho Market MARKET
(Cho My Tho; Ð Trung Trac) Spilling out onto the street facing Bao Dinh Channel, this market offers a typically Vietnamese array of dried fish, exotic fruits, doomed animals and strange smells.
Cao Dai Temple BUDDHIST TEMPLE
(85 Ð Ly Thuong Kiet; dawn-dusk) A nice little temple with its all-seeing divine eye.
In a prominent building on the riverfront, the My Tho Tourist Boat Station MAP (8 Ð 30 Thang 4) is home to a lot of tour companies offering cruises to the neighbouring islands and via the maze of small canals. It will depend on what you book, places usually consist of a coconut-candy workshop, a honey farm (try the banana wine) and an orchid garden. A 2½-hour boat tour charges approximately 350,000d per person or 450,000d for two. If you’re a day-tripper, it’s easiest for you to book your package (including connecting transport) through a HCMC-based tour operator. Prices can be cheaper if you can join a group, though you may be able to negotiate a more flexible itinerary if you go on your own . Operators based at My Tho’s Boat Station are comprised of the following:
Tien Giang Tourist MAP (Cong Ty Du Lich Tien Giang; 073-387 3184; www.tiengiangtourist.com; 8 Ð 30 Thang 4)
Vietnamese Japanese Tourist MAP ( 073-397 5559; www.dulichvietnhat.com; 8 Ð 30 Thang 4)
Song Tien Annex HOTEL $
(073-387 7883; www.tiengiangtourist.com; 33 Ð Thien Ho Duong; r 450,000-500,000d) Rooms at this becalming, clean and tidy hotel have hardwood floors, natty extras for example bathrobes and hair dryers, lovely bathrooms with free-standing claw-footed bathtubs and up-to-date furniture.
Chuong Duong Hotel HOTEL $$
(073-387 0875; 10 Ð 30 Thang 4; r 500,000-700,000d) All rooms have a river view and come with the nice amenities at this great hotel. The restaurant here is worth a visit for its wide range of dishes, plus there’s a nice coffee shop.
Song Tien HOTEL $$
(073-387 2009; www.tiengiangtourist.com; 101 Ð Trung Trac; r 450,000-850,000d) This friendly, smart and well-looked-after hotel has decent-enough rooms with satellite TV and minibars. Check the rooms: cheaper ones are windowless and there are occasional traces of mould.
Eating & Drinking
My Tho is known for special vermicelli soup, known as hu tieu My Tho, which is richly garnished with fresh and dried seafood, pork, chicken, offal and fresh herbs. It can be broth or dry and can also be made vegetarian.
Though hu tieu can be seen at almost any eatery in town, there’s a handful of speciality restaurants. Carnivores should try Hu Tieu 44 MAP (44 Ð Nam Ky Khoi Nghia; soups 20,000d), as vegetarians can have Hu Tieu at Hu Tieu Chay 24 (24 Ð Nam Ky Khoi Nghia; mains 10,000-14,000d).
Ngoc Gia Trang VIETNAMESE $
(073-387 2742; 196 Ð Ap Bac; mains 45,000-150,000d; 8am-9pm) This friendly spot is down a lane off the main road into My Tho from HCMC, with tables set alongside ponds amid lots of greenery, and excellent, beautifully presented seafood.
Chi Thanh CHINESE, VIETNAMESE $
(073-387 3756; 279 Ð Tet Mau Than; mains 35,000-80,000d) This small but extremely popular restaurant does a steady trade in delicious Chinese and Vietnamese fare (beef, chicken, pork, squid, crab, noodles, hotpots). There’s an English menu.
Night Market VIETNAMESE $
(Ɖ 30 Thang 4; 5pm-late) Plonked right in front of the floating restaurant, this popular place packs in diners come evening, with a host of lively hotpot and fish stalls.
Floating Restaurant VIETNAMESE $
(Ɖ 30 Thang 4; mains from 30,000d; 8am-9.30pm) This restaurant which is near the Tourist Boat Station is a great choice for a breezy meal on the Mekong.
Lac Hong BAR, CAFE
(073-397 6459; 3 Ð Trung Trac; 6-11pm) It is situated in a beautiful ancient colonial-era trading house on the riverfront with lounge chairs and, upstairs, breezes and river views. Live music on Thursdays.
Getting There & Around
New bridges and freeways have considerably shortened travel distances to My Tho. It takes you only around an hour to 90 minutes (traffic depending) from central HCMC (70km), while Ben Tre town is a mere 17km away through the new bridge.
The My Tho bus station (Ben Xe Tien Giang, 42 Ð Ap Bac) is 3km west of the town centre on Ð Ap Bac, the main road to HCMC. Buses head to HCMC’s Mien Tay bus station (35,000d), Can Tho (50,000d), Cao Lanh (32,000d) and Ca Mau(123,000d).
THE RIVER OF NINE DRAGONS
One of the greatest rivers all over the world is the Mekong River whose delta is also one of the largest delta in the world. It comes from high in the Tibetan Plateau, flowing 4500km through China, between Myanmar (Burma) and Laos, through Laos, along the Laos–Thailand border, and through Cambodia and Vietnam on its way to the South China Sea. At Phnom Penh (Cambodia), the Mekong River is divided into two major branches: the Hau Giang (Lower River, also known as the Bassac River), which flows via Chau Doc, Long Xuyenand Can Tho to the sea; and the Tien Giang (Upper River), which splits into a number of branches at Vinh Long and empties into the sea at five points. The great branches tell people the origin of the Vietnamese name for the river: Song Cuu Long (River of Nine Dragons).
The Mekong’s flow begins to rise approximately the end of May and reaches its peak in September. A tributary of the river which empties into the Mekong at Phnom Penh drains Cambodia’s Tonlé Sap Lake. As the Mekong is at flood stage, this tributary reverses its direction and flows into Tonlé Sap, acting as one of the world’s largest natural flood barriers. Nevertheless, deforestation in Cambodia is damaging this delicate balancing act, resulting in more flooding in Vietnam’s portion of the Mekong River basin.
In many recent years seasonal flooding has claimed the lives of hundreds and forced tens of thousands of residents to evacuate from their houses. Floods cause millions of dollars’ worth of damage and put a catastrophic effect on regional rice and coffee crops.
Living on a flood plain presents some technical difficulties. Lacking any high ground to escape flooding, many delta residents construct their homes on bamboo stilts to prevent the rising waters. There are many roads which are submerged or turn to muck during floods; all-weather roads must be built on raised embankments, though this is expensive. There is traditional solution which is to build canals and travel by boat. There are thousands of canals in the Mekong Delta – keeping them properly dredged and navigable is a constant but essential chore.
A further difficulty is to help the canals clean. The usual practice of dumping all garbage and sewage directly into the waterways behind the houses that line them is to take its toll. Many of the more populated areas in the Mekong Delta are showing signs of unpleasant waste build-up. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is working with local and provincial governments to protect the enviroment.
In 2013, Laos declared its intention to construct the 260-megawatt Don Sahong Dam on the Mekong, without consulting downstream neighbours, while the 1260-megawatt Xayaburi Dan continues to be built in the north of the country. Dams on the Chinese stretch of the river have been thought to reduce water levels, and environmental groups have petitioned the Laos government to put plans on hold after concerns that the target of 11 dams will disrupt the breeding cycles of dozens of fish species. There are also fears that the reduced flows will cause more salt water to enter the Vietnamese section (a process exacerbated by global warming), which might put a catastrophic effect on production of rice .